The General Plan on Urban Traffic is a document that defines the idea of a “city on the move”. This plan was developed fifteen years after the first one was approved, and was presented to the city during an open-day event with citizens' associations and representatives of local councils.
The Plan underwent a consultation phase at first; then - with the Delibera di Giunta n. 70/2014 - the draft text and its attachments were approved. Later the interested parties, including citizens, were able to express their observations by sending them to the Mobility and Transport Department. All these observations were taken into consideration and if accepted they were added to the Plan documentation.
The new General Plan on Urban Traffic was approved by the Council assembly with the Delibera n. 21 on April 16, 2015.
The premises of the plan are based on the observation of a reality that was completely different from the one of 1999. Rome has changed a lot in fifteen years and the way people move around the city has changed too.
The percentage of those living outside the GRA (Grande Raccordo Anulare, Great Ring Road) went from 18% to 26% and this percentage is going to rise even more to 30%. Commuters' daily movements have risen by 50% since 2004, going from 550,000 to 820,000, with an estimated 135 million hours spent in traffic each year and a financial loss of 1,5 billion euros. At least 60% of the journeys to the city centre are made by cars, meaning that there are about 2,8 billion vehicles around, including mopeds and motorcycles.
The motorization rate in 2011 was 978 vehicles every 1,000 inhabitants, compared to 398/1000 in London and 415/1000 in Paris. Moreover, public transport vehicles are old or in bad conditions and there are only 100 km of bus lanes (those data are unchanged since 2007).
The new Plan is intended to fill the gaps by offering faster transports, rising up to 40% the number of bus lanes and improving the public transport network between the centre and the areas outside the GRA.
From rules to systems
This formula sums up the vision of the mobility as designed by the new General Plan on Urban Traffic, that sets the bar higher to include rules in a larger system of measures, by gradually switching from controlling and containing to rewarding and encouraging patterns of good behaviour oriented to collective well-being.
This aim is pursued by promoting car sharing, bike sharing, mobility management, public transport, parking tickets, green areas (mainly pedestrian and cycle areas), open data and technology useful to citizens.
The main goal is, by 2020, a city with a public transport so efficient to compete with private mobility; a city where moving around by bike or walking is easy, convenient and safe, especially for elderly people and children; a multi-modal, low impact mobility open to innovation and new technologies.